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How TAVI can help your heart

TAVI is performed on patients suffering from aortic stenosis, a condition marked by narrowing of the aortic valve due to the buildup of plaque, an underlying medical condition or age-related wear and tear. However, the most common cause of aortic stenosis is the buildup of calcium deposits in the valves. As time passes by, these deposits tend to become hard, causing the aortic valve to become stiff and narrow.


The human heart has four valves and the normal functioning of these is vital for the healthy working of the heart. The aortic valve separates the left ventricle of the heart and the aorta, allowing a one-way flow of blood into the latter. Sometimes aortic valve can get narrowed or blocked, thereby obstructing the normal flow of blood from the heart. This triggers symptoms like chest pain, fatigue and breathlessness and even prove to be life-threatening if left untreated for long. Best heart doctors in India suggest that TAVI is a gold standard treatment for clearing such obstructions.


Now you must be wondering what exactly is TAVI? Well, here is what you need to know about the procedure.


TAVI or Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is an advanced, minimally invasive procedure that involves the implantation of a new, prosthetic valve in the patient's heart, to replace the old dysfunctional valve. The procedure uses a cardiac catheterization technique and detailed imaging guidance to carry out the procedure via 3 to 4 tiny incisions. The procedure is usually recommended to patients with severe aortic stenosis, who are not eligible for the conventional surgery


Why do experts recommend the TAVI procedure?


Ever since the procedure was first performed, it has revolutionized the treatment of aortic valve obstruction. Unlike the conventional open-heart technique, the procedure requires only a tiny incision and is carried out using detailed imaging guidance. Various benefits of the TAVI procedure, that make it a trusted choice of the doctors, are as under:


●     The procedure can be performed on patients with symptomatic aortic stenosis who are at low, intermediate or high risk for open-heart surgery


●     It does not require sternotomy or the use of a heart-lung bypass machine


●     Lesser scarring due to small cuts


●     Minimal pain and bleeding


●     Short hospital stay and faster recovery


Worried about the safety of the procedure? 


Although TAVI is a comparatively new procedure, it has gained a lot of momentum owing to its high success rate and benefits. Just like any other surgical procedure, there are slight risks, but these can be easily managed. It is quite possible that some people may not qualify as being eligible for the procedure, but you will be informed about the same beforehand. You can find the best heart doctors in India at Eternal Hospital, which holds a record for performing the highest successful number of TAVI procedures.


Is it going to hurt?


TAVI is a minimally invasive intervention which means that it does not involve any large incisions. This naturally minimizes the pain. You are likely to experience slight discomfort which can be easily managed with the help of pain medication. Apart from this, there is nothing that you should be worried about.


What will happen during the procedure?


If you have been recommended to go for TAVI and are wondering, what will happen while you are lying down on the surgical table, this might answer your question


●     You will be required to lie down and medication and other fluids will be given intravenously


●     The procedure is performed under the influence of anaesthesia, and the surgical site is sedated, such that you do not feel any pain or discomfort during the procedure


●     This is followed by making 2 to 3 tiny incisions at the surgical site.


●     A catheter fitted with a balloon on one of its ends is carefully inserted inter a major blood vessel. The artificial valve is placed inside this catheter.


●     The catheter is then moved towards the blocked aortic valve using detailed imaging guidance offered by a surgical camera.


●     Once the catheter is in the right position, the balloon present at its tip is inflated, to pave way for the placement of the new valve


●     The prosthetic valve is then carefully placed in the right position.


●     The balloon is then deflated and removed along with the catheter.

Tags: Tavi valve replacement